Borderline Personality Disorder – Symptoms, Causes & Diagnosis

Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a mental condition in which you lose emotional stability and sense of identity. Acting impulsively becomes part of your personality and you often find yourself in trouble due to this disorder. You easily get angry on people and situations which makes it difficult to maintain relationships.

You start questioning your purpose in life very often and that is why it is common for BPD patients to change their life goals every now and than. This can lead to switching jobs, moving places and relationships.

This disorder should not be taken lightly as in extreme cases, patients act suicidal and indulge in self-harming activities.

Even though this disorder can be life threatening, but you can overcome this obstacle in life with proper treatment and strong commitment.

Did You Know?

  • Borderline Personality Disorder affect about 6% of US adult population during any year.
  • Women are more likely to suffer from this disorder than men.
  • Race does not seem to play a part in this mental illness.
  • 10 to 15% of BPD patients severely harm themselves or commit suicide.


Symptoms of this disorder start emerging in early adulthood and normally fade away in 40s. Some of the common symptoms of borderline personality disorder include:

  • Feeling of emptiness
  • Extreme boredom
  • Impulsive behavior (e.g. unsafe sex, rash driving, gambling etc.)
  • Suicidal thoughts & tendencies
  • Extreme anger
  • Distorted self-image
  • Fear of being abandoned by others
  • Fear of being alone
  • Unstable relationships
  • Extreme moodiness


Mental health experts don’t really know the exact cause of this disorder, but certain factors are found to be common amongst BPD patients. Those factors or causes are mentioned below:

Environmental Factors

People who faced physical or sexual abuse during childhood are more likely to develop this disorder. Parent separation or lack of attention during early childhood also tends to play a part in this case.


This disorder also tends to run in the families. It has been recently found that people with a close relative or sibling who suffers from mental issues are prone to suffer from this disorder themselves.

Brain Chemistry

Dysfunctional production of certain brain chemicals especially serotonin also makes you more susceptible to BPD. During some brain tests of such patients, it was also found part of brain responsible for regulating emotions is not that active even under normal circumstances.


If you regularly experience majority of the symptoms already highlighted in this article, then you should immediately see a doctor. Your general practitioner will first rule out any underlying medical condition responsible for your symptoms by running a series of blood and urine tests.

If everything is found normal than he / she may refer you to a psychiatrist. Psychiatrist will conduct a comprehensive one on one interview with you to discuss your medical history and symptoms before starting the treatment.

You can also take our very own specially designed Borderline Personality Disorder Quiz to measure the severity of your disorder.

Final Words

People will tell you that mental issues are more difficult to handle than medical issues. However, you need to believe in the fact that noting is impossible to achieve if you try to achieve it with all your heart and determination. Overcoming Borderline Personality Disorder is no different.

Once you chose hope, anything is possible – Christopher Reeve

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